Indonesia has recently passed a bill covering the Internet that focuses upon both web content and business transactions, although the Government admitted one goal of the new legislation was to “block porn sites.” Clamor from some circles for the Government to crack down upon lewd websites is stronger in Indonesia than in the West, given its majority Muslim population and their official emphasis on decency. A former Dutch colony, Indonesia is the world's most expansive archipelagic state and contains the world's largest Islamic population.
This large Asian country is considered an up and coming economic power, having thrown off decades of corrupt tyranny and the mismanagement of state industries and related mis-development of key resources. With 18% living in poverty and 10% unemployed, Indonesia needs years of strong growth to seriously address jobs growth. Indonesia is located in southeastern Asia, radiating an archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia is about three times the size of Texas and has about 235 million residents. These questions will be answered about the new law: What Does the Bill Say About Consumer Protection?; What About Cyber Squatting?; What Are the Rules on Electronic Contracts?; How Does the Law Define Offences of Cyber-Crime?; What Are the Punishments for Cyber-Crimes?
The Electronic Information and Electronic Transaction Bill is a wide-ranging text covering extensive subject matter from e-contract to e-signature, from privacy and personal data to cyber-squatting and intellectual property rights, and from cyber-crimes to consumer protection. But the Bill does not give detailed explanation of law except upon cyber-crime, e-contract and related aspects. For other subject matters, the Bill states they will be governed by subsidiary regulations. A main theme of the law is an electronic “Right of Privacy” in electronic realms, the notion of which is seriously impacted by the Government's plan to closely monitor content and an inherent threat of serious sanctions to law-breakers. Article 25(b) sums up the dilemma, “Privacy right is the right to communicate with any other person without any act of investigation.”